Dermatology is a science that is related to treatment and diagnosis of the hair, skin and nail’s diseases. Dermatology is infinite to study and research about. Still, there are many researchers are studying more on it. There are many causes found in case of terminology such as aging, cancer, fat genital membranes, etc. Usually, the dermatology includes the skin disorders or diseases. There are many different kinds of treatments are taken by dermatologists for different skin, hair and nail’s diseases.
The doctor or health care provider that diagnose and treat dermatology conditions are called a dermatologist. The disorders of skin, hair, and nails include some cosmetic issues like aging, sun damage, skin cancer and other medical skin conditions.
A dermatologist that has surplus interest and skill in performing surgical procedures are usually called as dermasurgeons or dermatologic surgeons. Some special terms as dermatologic surgeon and dermatologist may use in some states by any doctor without of their credentials and training. A doctor who has a medical license can perform some actions of dermatology without going through the dermatology training. A doctor who has certified from the board of internal medicines can refer him or herself as a dermatologist, and this may not reflect specialization in the field of dermatology.
What is Dermatology?
Dermatology is a common word that we listen many times. It refers to the human body’s main part, the skin. Dermatology is a branch of medical science that deals with skin’s structure, diseases and functions. It is a distinction that has both medical and surgical aspects. Usually, the diseases of skin called cosmetic problems of the skin such as the scalp, itching, sun damage, rings, melasma, fungal infection, etc. The significant diseases of dermatology are skin cancer, eczemas, and skin infections.
Dermatology word comes from ancient Greece word Derma that means skin and logia. The dermatology branch was found first time in the Paris in 1801. Some patients were treated, and some were not but in the modern world, there are a lot of approved and best treatments of dermatology diseases are available such as cryosurgery, cosmetic filler injecting, laser hair removal, hair transplantation, intralesional treatment, laser therapies, etc.
As the skin is the most significant organ of a human body, which works as a membrane to protect the internal organs of the human body from bacteria and injuries and a good indicator of the overall health of human body, the dermatology is essential in some health conditions and diagnosis. The dermatology is like a doctor of the skin itself.
Most Common Conditions of Dermatology
Disorders of skin, hair, and nails are prevalent and almost every human experience the symptoms of some dermatologic conditions many times in the life. According to a survey, approximately 2 out of 10 people who visit a health care provider involves a problem of the skin.
There are some most common dermatologic conditions include:
• Eczema: where the individual’s skin gets inflamed and rough that causes a constant itching. Sometimes eczema causes bleeding skin cause excessively itching the affected area.
• Fungal infection: the most common infection of the dermatologic condition. The fungal infection is spreadable. The fungal infections affect skin and nails by fungus.
• Warts: in the form of small, red and hard growth on the skin. The common reason of having warts on the skin is the wart virus.
• Acne: we can also call it a Pimple. Inflammation of the sebaceous glands causes acne. The acnes are most painful and itchy.
• Psoriasis: the scaly patches on the skin that are red and itchy leads to psoriasis. The dry and roughly nourished skin may lead to psoriasis.
• Dermatitis: where the individual’s skin gets red and swollen in some specific affected area. Sometimes the skin may swell. It causes allergy or irritation of the skin.
• Cold sore: found in the form of inflamed pock. Mostly the cold sore affects the skin near or around the mouth. The herpes simplex virus is responsible for cold sores.
• Skin cancer: the skin cancer is rare to cure correctly, but one can control it. In this condition, the skin cells of the individual start growth excessively and cannot control itself.
The above dermatology conditions are common and one can cure it easily while there are some more and rare dermatology conditions that can be a long-term disease.
Severe Conditions, Causes, and Treatments of Dermatology
These severe dermatology conditions and their treatments include:
If you are spending a large period outdoor, you may have face rough skin, spots and scaly patches on your face, neck, scalp, forearms or hands. These skin conditions or the patches are called actinic keratosis. Some dermatologists also called it as solar keratosis. This condition is believed as a precancerous skin condition. According to studies, most people with fair skin become suspect of actinic keratosis. Actinic keratosis takes years to develop, and during its growth, there is a higher risk of having skin cancer.
The diagnosis and treatment after facing the symptoms of actinic keratosis is the best option to prevent skin cancer. If you do not start the treatment of actinic keratosis, it can become more painful. It can be more significant and may begin to bleed. To prevent these conditions, you should visit a dermatologist as soon as possible. Surgical treatment options are the excellent option and can become life-saving.
Most people are conscious that birthmarks that become apparent at the birth time are harmless. Some birthmarks fade with the time while some birthmarks get darker and increase the size of age. According to some studies, these birthmarks can affect an individual’s self-esteem or can make him, or she feels self-conscious. There are some cases in which it is necessary to remove the birthmarks by the time as they are growing faster. It can grow on an internal organ and may lead to another medical condition.
People who are anxious about a birthmark for a medical or cosmetic reason should have a diagnosed with an experienced dermatologist. The dermatology specialist can use surgical removal or laser treatment to remove or reduce the appearance of birthmark.
Cherry angioma is a form of the dermatology in which the individual’s skin get red or purple. This condition is harmless and caused by clustering of capillaries under the skin. It can be in the range in size from one to four millimeters. It can become large and raised or rounded over the time. As cherry angiomas are harmless, it does not need any treatment, but some individuals choose to remove them because of some cosmetic reasons. Sometimes it may bleed excessively, and it can be an indicator of another disease or disorder. If you have cherry angiomas on your skin or you are facing some symptoms related to it, you should visit a dermatologist just to be sure.
Round and fluid-filled pimples or bumps on the skin are blisters. Blisters can become uncomfortable if it does not treat well. There are some common causes of blisters such as infection, allergic reaction, burns or friction. In the starting stage of blisters, they can be cured by cleaning the affected area and get covered by a bandage, but if it is getting massive or continually flowing fluid, it is infected. If an individual has the blister on his or her skin that is drainage, redness, increasing warmth, pain or swelling and streaks around the bump, that means the individual needs to visit a dermatologist as soon as possible otherwise it can spreads on the other areas of human body skin.
There is no doubt in the fact that our skin changes as we age but there are some symptoms that we did not expect with age such as wrinkles, ages or dry and rough skin. Aging skin loses the ability to produce the oils or other lubricants that moisturize our skin. Scaly patches, roughness, tightness in the skin, itchiness on the lower legs, hands, arms, and elbows are the most common symptoms of dry skin.
Some self-curing treatments can cure the dry skin such as lifestyle changes like reducing the use of soaps and body wash, taking more cooling shower bath, quit to use perfumes, spending less time in imbalanced humidity level and using moisturizers daily. Dry skin can become severely itchy that may lead to dermatitis or eczema if not treated when it started. A good dermatologist can help you to recover from the skin dryness.
Fungal Nail Infections
Fungal nail infection can become unsightly and unpleasant. If it left untreated, the fungal infection may spread more in-depth into the nail and can spread to another nail easily. The fungal nail infection causes changing the color of nails, crumbling of nails, break away from the skin and thicker nails. Fungal nail infection can occur naturally. In some cases, it spreads when an individual is walking barefoot at a public place, shower or pool. If an individual is affected by nail fungal infection, he or she can notice some small spots or patches at the tip of his/her nail. Surgical removal and topical treatment both are an excellent idea to prevent the spreading of nail fungal infection.
Melasma is the most common dermatology condition to women. Mostly it affects pregnant women or women who take oral contraceptives. It can affect a woman while she is undergoing hormone replacement therapy. While suffering from melasma, an individual can notice gray, tan or brown discoloration on the cheeks, nose, upper lip, forehead or chin. Exposure to the sun can make it worse. Mostly this discoloration goes away on its own a few months after a woman changes her hormone intake or-or gives birth. There are some other treatments to speed up the healing process of melasma such as chemical peels, topical medications, exfoliating treatments, and laser resurfacing.
Moles are in the form of spots on the skin and its color may brown, red or light black. A cluster of pigmented cells is the common reason for moles. Moles can become darker or lighter and grow over the time. Behind the growing of moles, the exposure of sun is the most common reason. Some stages of moles are noncancerous and harmless while some moles can conduct a higher risk of developing squamous cell carcinoma or basal cell carcinoma and melanoma. A mole can start to bleed or weep fluids, become painful, can take an uneven shape or color.
If you are facing these symptoms, you need to visit your dermatologist and ask him or her to check it for cancerous cells. Some individuals choose to remove moles because of some cosmetic or comfort reasons. A regular skin checkup is a good idea to monitor any mole you have that can catch skin cancer cells.
Psoriasis is a common skin disease that is more worrisome condition than a cosmetic problem. According to experts, psoriasis is a persistent and chronic autoimmune disease. If an individual is suffering from this disease his or her cells build up too faster on the skin and create discolored (silver, red or white) and thick patches of the skin. These thick and discolored patches are called plaques. Plaques can found in the several and limited areas of the skin, but they can become incredibly tender and itchy. Very visible plaques can low an individual’s self-esteem or make him, or she feels self-conscious and affect the quality of individual’s life as well. Read my another article on How Aloe Vera helps in Psoriasis Treatment.
The dermatologists provide a range of treatments to cure psoriasis or can recommend therapy according to the severity of your psoriasis condition. You can control some milder cases with lifestyle changes and lotions while some high stage psoriasis cases with oral medication, light therapy, laser therapy, topical steroids, etc.
The inflammation of the skin causes rashes. The rash is a collective term for the dermatologic condition. Some variety of rashes go away on their own, but some are indicators of a severe skin condition or a chronic skin disease. Mostly the rashes are caused by contact with an irritant such as insect bites, specific cosmetic, and soaps, chemicals, poisonous plants, and medications. If an individual has a rash and if it accompanied by shortness of breath and fever, it can spread quickly to other parts of individual’s body. Mostly the rashes are the very first symptom or sign of a severe skin condition, infection or allergy.
If an individual is suffering from rosacea, his or her face may flush or ruddy. The rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes inflammation, redness, pimples, and bumps on the forehead and face and sensitive skin. Rosacea often goes on its own, but while it takes time to come over, the individual can face an imbalanced blood flow in the skin vessels such as hot or spicy food, alcohol, extreme temperatures, hot baths or sunlight, stress, and exercise. According to some cases of rosacea, it can lead to rhinophyma. Rhinophyma is also a dermatologic condition where the tissues around the nose get thicker permanently.
Rosacea disorder is mostly found in women with fair skin. It may lead to some worse medical conditions if left untreated. However, you can control or cure it with acne medications, prescription antibiotics, creams or gels and topical lotions. Rosacea causes persistent redness on face.
Scabies causes small acne or a line in the skin folds and rashes that are too much itchy. Mostly it is found in the form of itchy rashes and it caused by some small mites, or you can call it as a virus. Scabies is mostly found in the tender or warmer skin areas such as armpits, fingers, pelvic area, soles of the feet, shoulder blades, wrists, and knees. Scabies can quickly spread by close physical contact. Experts have approved that if you have scabies, the other members of your house or your close ones may affect as well. Well, the scabies is easy to treat as it is a common dermatology condition. Taking a topical treatment is the best idea because it can quickly kill the mites and their eggs.
The scars can be a reason for an individual’s inconvenience or embarrassment, and sometimes it can be even painful. If an individual has a scar that is large, raised, noticeable and widespread, a good dermatologist can help him or her to reduce the scar. There is a range of variety to treat the scars such as microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing and cosmetic injectables. Some dermatologist may also prescribe creams or topical medications to make scars appearance and painless.
If an individual had chickenpox at any point in his or her life, that virus of chickenpox might reactivate after years as shingles. Viral Infection may be the reason behind shingles which is a form of painful rashes.
Shingles signs may include burning, pain, skin tingling and numbness. It can present a rash that is much itchy and have blisters too. Having shingles can make you feel some flu symptoms such as a headache, body temperature and sensitivity to light. Shingles are infectious for you if you are not already immune to chickenpox.
If you are experiencing shingles on your skin, you should need to take help from a dermatologist as soon as possible especially if you have a weak immune system. Getting an early antiviral treatment can help to reduce shingles effects, and it can heal the rashes faster. Your dermatologist can also prescribe you some painkiller that can help you to get out of discomfort. Click here to find the dermatologist near you and consult them.
Summer Skin Irritants
In the summers, the exposure of sun gets high and can become the reason of some dermatology or cosmetic conditions. To prevent the summer irritants, you should wear long sleeves, long pants, and gloves when you are in the direct sunlight or in the area where the heat and humidity level is high. There are some summer harmful plant irritants such as oak, sumac or ivy that can develop itchily, rashes and red skin if you get in contact with. The exposure of these plants may cause some fluid-filled bumps, blisters, and hives. When the rash caused by exposure to a poisonous plant stays more than three weeks on your body’s sensitive skin like face, it can put you in trouble. The dermatologist may prescribe corticosteroid treatments, topical treatments, and injection to reduce the problems.
If you lose pigmentation or color of your skin, it may the cause of vitiligo. Vitiligo appears as patches or lighter blemishes of the skin. Vitiligo can affect any part of your bodies such as hair, skin, the pigment of your eye or sensitive skin. Still, the causes of vitiligo are unknown, but it is approved that vitiligo is not a harmful and life-threatening disease. Vitiligo can be cured with the target of restoring color that you lost because of it. Dermatologists mostly use the excimer laser treatment, light therapy, and topical medications to treat the vitiligo.